The Relationship between Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, Self-Esteem, and Depression in LGBTQ Students

Student(s):

Karean Lawson, Senior, Psychology, College of Arts and Letters

Faculty Mentor(s):

Dr. Harriette Richard, Johnson C. Smith University
Dr. Ruth Greene, Johnson C. Smith University
Dr. Douglas Cooper, Johnson C. Smith University

Discipline:

Health

Abstract:

Mental health conditions, such as depression can intertwine with many different factors such as low self-esteem. The present study examined the relationship between self-Identity, self-esteem, and depression in LGBTQ students. For this study, the researcher hypothesized individuals who scored high on the self-identity questionnaire had high self-esteem and low levels of depression. Participants completed a demographic survey, a Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identity Scale (LGBIS), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem scale, and Beck’s Depression Inventory. The researcher conducted a Pearson correlation to test the hypothesis. There was no significant correlation between the LGBIS and the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale. (r = 0.026) and the Beck’s Depression Inventory. (r= 0.297) The results did not support the hypothesis. There was no significant correlation between sexual orientation, gender identity, self-esteem, and depression. Even though the data did not have a significant correlation, understanding the factors for mental health issues is important. This study was important because it looked at factors in the LGBT community that have been neglected. However, this study was conducted with a convenience sample of 20 participants and that limited the significance of the study.

Poster:

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